|A Composer and an Architect
Johann Sebastian Bach, was born in Eisenach in 1685
in one of the magnificent church buildings of Dominikus
Zimmermann, who was also born in 1685, but in Wessobrunn!
At the time when Zimmermann was
building the Church of Our Lady in Günzburg (1736-1741),
Bach had already worked for 13 years in Leipzig as Thomaskantor,
and besides many cantatas had already composed the Passions,
the Christmas Oratorio and the Magnificat,
as well as the motets. Before Bach moved to Leipzig in 1723,
he served for five years as Court Director of Music in Köthen,
where he created the Brandenburg concertos,
the violin concertos and some works for solo instruments
(such as the six Suites for Solo Cello),
among others. Bach primarily encountered Italian music
in the compositions of Vivaldi (Violin Concertos)
and Pergolesi’s Stabat Mater ("Cancel, Highest, My Sins").
He was also familiar with the Italian use of double
and multiple choirs (Venice!):
Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli. Bach’s music library also
contains the copy of a Palestrina mass. More than almost any other
composer, Bach was the "Interpreter of the Bible" through music.
The master builder Dominikus Zimmermann played this role through